Permafrost
About 20% of the planet's land area is located in the permafrost zone. Global warming is causing it to melt. Scientists estimate that by the end of 21st century, permafrost could dissapear over an area of up to 5 million square miles, or about 40% of its current area.
Anastasiia Ammosova
Project manager
It can have disastrous consequences. Ranging from the degradation of the landscape, as in the case of Batagaika crater, to infrastructure problems, such as the destruction of buildings standing on permafrost. From the stressful impact on current ecosystems to the release of ancient biomass accumulated over hundreds of thousands of years and trapped in permafrost. And its volume exceeds the entire current biomass of the planet!

The decomposition products of this ancient biomass can lead to massive emissions of additional greenhouse gases and accelerate global warming processes, creating a self-sustaining and accelerating process. For Yakutia, 90% of which territory is located in the permafrost zone, this problem is particularly acute. For example, almost all the buildings in Yakutsk stand on stilts driven into the frozen ground.
And the sustainability of these buildings in the future 30-50 years is the most important issue for the lives of hundreds of thousands of people. In 2020, Sinet Spark started working in this area with grant support for the Pleistocene Park Project, created and developed by scientists Zimovs, father and son, in the north of Yakutia. The main task of this project is to develop a technology for restoring the flora and fauna of the Pleistocene epoch and further scale the created technology to the vast northern territories. The main goal is to protect permafrost through this, creating a productive ecosystem on permafrost.

We plan to provide extensive support for other scientific research, projects and starups on the topic of permafrost and global warming.
Reconstruction of the road «Lena». Section of the road groove. The permafrost layer. Credit: Zhang A.A.
Sinet Spark is setting up a research center on forest fires and melting permafrost. The Centre will seek new technologies in these areas to mitigate the risks of future climate disasters in Yakutia and other regions of the world.
Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Yakutsk, 2/1, Glukhoy per., office 514